CEREBRAL PALSY MANAGEMENT CLINIC ABUJA : Cerebral palsy is the abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain. These are parts of the brain which control movement, balance, and posture. Usually, the problem occurs during pregnancy. However, they may also occur during childbirth or shortly after birth.
Cerebral palsy is due to abnormal development or damage occurring to the developing brain. This damage can occur during pregnancy, delivery, the first month of life or in early childhood. Structural problems in the brain are seen in 80% of cases within the white matter. More than three-quarters of cases may result from issues that occur during pregnancy.
Cerebral Palsy is partly preventable through immunization of the mother. There are supportive treatments, medications and surgery which may help many individuals. These include physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy.
Risk factors of cerebral palsy include :
- preterm birth
- certain infections during pregnancy
- exposure to methyl mercury during pregnancy
- difficult delivery, head trauma during the first few years of life, among others.
- about 2% of cases may be due to an inherited genetic cause.
Classification of Cerebral Palsy
A number are classified based on the specific problems present. For instance, those with stiff muscles have what we call spastic cerebral palsy, those with poor coordination have ataxic cerebral palsy. Meanwhile, diagnosis is based on the child’s development over time. Most times, we use blood tests and medical imaging to identify other possible causes.
CAUSES OF CEREBRAL PALSY
- Typical causes include exposure to radiation
- fetal growth restriction
- thrombotic events
- placental conditions
- birth trauma during labor and delivery
- complications around birth or during childhood.
- In Africa high bilirubin levels and infections of the central nervous system in newborns are main cause.
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