TREATMENT OF HERNIATED DISC: The spine is made of discs (rubbery cushions) that join one bone to the other vertically. When there is a shift in one of the discs to cause a painful injury, that’s a herniated disc. This condition can occur in any part of the spine, it’s common with the lower back and could cause pains or numbness in the arms and legs legs. It could also occur in the neck.
CAUSES OF HERNIATED DISC
This condition could be caused by:
- Disc Degeneration: Gradual, aging-related wear and tear
- Frequent use of the back muscles, instead of the leg and thigh muscles, to lift heavy objects
- A traumatic event such as a fall or a hard hit to the back could cause it.
- Excess body weight causes extra stress on the disks in the lower back, making it prone to herniated disc.
- Smoking is believed to lessen the oxygen supply to disks, causing them to break down more quickly.
- Wrong sleep posture
- Wrong neck placement on chairs or sofa
SYMPTOMS OF A HERNIATED DISC
Many people do not have symptoms from a herniated disk. Those who have usually experience improvement over time. The following could signal the condition.
- Feeling of pains at the lower back, buttocks, thigh, calf and sometimes, part of the foot.
- If the condition is in the neck, sharp, burning pains on the shoulder, arm and could extend to the leg particularly with sneezing of coughing.
- Numbness and tingling around the affected part.
- Weakening of nerves serving the area affected.
See a physiotherapist when you feel the afore-mentioned symptoms.
PREVENTION OF HERNIATED DISC
The following can be helpful in prevention of a herniated disc:
- Exercise: It strengthens the trunk muscles, stabilizes and supports the spine.
- Good Sitting Posture: Pressure on your spine and disks reduces when you keep your back straight and aligned, particularly when sitting for long periods.
- Lift heavy objects properly, making your legs — not your back — do most of the work.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Excess weight puts more pressure on the spine and disks, making them more susceptible to herniation.
- Quit smoking. Avoid the use of any tobacco products.
DIAGNOSIS OF HERNIATED DISC
Herniated Disc could be diagnosed through physical examination, neurological examination, imaging tests (such as MRI, X-Rays, CT-Scan & Myelogram) and nerve tests.
TREATMENT OF HERNIATED DISC
Conservative treatments could relieve symptoms in most people in few days. The following are applicable treatment options:
- Physiotherapy: Physical therapy can help with your pain. Physical therapists can show you positions and exercises designed to minimize the pain of a herniated disk, helping with quick recovery.
- Medications: Nonprescription pain medications, Neuropathic drugs and Muscle relaxers could be used to take away accompanying pains, nerve impulses and muscle spasms.
- Surgery: This should be the last option after every other alternatives are exhausted. Surgery is usually not necessary to relieve the problem. A few people with herniated disks, however, require it. This might be the case if conventional treatment options fail to improve its symptoms after a long time.
Contact us at Effective Physiotherapy and Fitness Clinic, for this and similar conditions, at: No 2, Ajumgobia Close, Kado Estate, Abuja, or call: +234 811 885 6060 or +234 909 860 4470