(Anterior Cruciate Ligament – ACL Injury)

ligament Injury. Sports Injury, Painful joints, painful ligaments
Treatment of ligament Injury

 The ACL is a tissue that connects the thigh bone to the shin bone at the knee. The ligaments with tendons support and stabilize movement with the knee joint. Due to wear and tear of this tissue as a result of overuse, especially in athletes and very active individuals, injury may occur. This is called Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.

The symptoms of this condition include:

  1. Painful and unstable knee
  2. Difficulty in walking
  3. Rapid swelling and stiffness on the joint
  4. Inability to stand for long
  5. A popping sensation in the affected knee
  6. Loss of range of motion
  7. The feeling of instability while bearing weight

Causes of ACL

In case you are wondering how Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries can arise, these are some of the identified causes.

  1. A sudden twisted movement in which a person stops suddenly and quickly changes direction
  2. A strong impact or hit to the knee cap
  3. Landing uncomfortably from a jump.
  4. Colliding with the opponent during sports competition, especially football.


Some of the issues that could increase the possibility of contracting Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury include:

  1. Gender: the condition is more common among females as a result of difference in anatomy, muscle strength and hormonal influences.
  2. Putting on floppy or unfit foot wears
  3. The use of artificial grass for play
  4. The use of improperly installed fitness and sports equipment.
  5. Adopting awkward leg movement patterns in some game
  6. Being involved in games like skiing, soccer, basketball and gymnastics.
  7. Poor positioning


With proper training and appropriate exercise through the help of Physical therapists and Athletic trainers, the risk of ACL can be reduced.

These exercises and trainings help to strengthen the core (the hip, pelvis and lower abdomen) as well as the leg muscles (especially the hamstring). They improve jumping and landing techniques and prevent inward movement of the knee. These significantly lowers the risk of ACL Injury especially in female athletes.

Wearing appropriate gear for each sport also helps to prevent injuries.


This condition is usually diagnosed through physical examination and imaging results from MRI, Ultrasound and X-ray.

The R-I-C-E (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) Model is useful as first aid treatment for an ACL injury.

While surgery may be recommended if the injury is severe, rehabilitative therapy with the aid of a Physiotherapist is very effective. The goal is to reduce pain and swelling, stabilize your knees and strengthen your muscles.

Effective Physiotherapy and Fitness Clinic will be of help in treatment of ACL Injury.

Call or visit the clinic at No 2, D (Ajumgobia) Close, Adjacent to Con Oil Filling Station, Kado Estate, Abuja FCT.

Phone No: +234 811 885 6060 || +234 909 860 4470


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