TREATMENT OF SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

Treatment of Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is a spinal disorder in which a bone(vertebrae) slips forward onto the bone below it causing mechanical or radicular symptoms or pain. It can be due to congenital, acquired, or idiopathic causes.

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TREATMENT OF SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

                                                   RISK FACTORS

  • Sports that put stress on the bones in the lower back, such as gymnastics and football.
  • Genetics may also put some people at an increased risk.
  • Advanced age.
  • Short height.
  • Higher BMI.

                                                  CAUSES SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

  • Repetitive stress to the spinal bones.
  • Decreased strength of the neural arch at a young age predisposes children and adolescents to a higher risk of fracture.
  • Traumatic accidental injuries.
  • Microtrauma in sports.
  • Pathological causes – Neoplasm, connective tissue disease, etc.

Iatrogenic – After laminectomy

  • Adolescents and children also have more elastic intervertebral disks which cause increased stress to be placed on the pars inter articularis.

                                                SYMPTOMS OF SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

  • Patients typically have low back pain.
  • Pain in the legs, thighs and buttocks that worsens with standing or lowering the back.
  • Pain may be exacerbated by direct palpation of the affected segment.
  • Atrophy of the muscles, muscle weakness.
  • Tense hamstrings, hamstrings spasms.
  • Disturbances in coordination and balance, difficulty walking.
  • Rarely loss of bowel or bladder control.

                                           TREATMENT OF SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

  • Core stability exercises, useful in reducing pain and disability in chronic low back pain in patient with spondylolisthesis.
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises.
  • Gait training.
  • Balance training.
  • Endurance training of muscles, effective for chronic low back pain.
  • Isometric and isotonic exercises beneficial for strengthening of the main muscles of the trunk, which stabilize the spine.
  • Cardiovascular exercise.

Try a session with our seasoned Physiotherapists today at Effective Physiotherapy & Fitness Clinic

Call +234 811 885 6060 || +234 909 860 4You can also visit us at No 2, Ajumgobia  F.I.A Close, Kado Estate, Abuja.

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