CAUSES AND PREVENTION OF STROKE : Stroke usually occurs when there is shortage , interruption or reduction in blood supply to part of the brain which prevents brain tissues from getting oxygen and enough nutrients to function, causing brain cells to die in minutes.
In addition, it is a medical emergency, and needs urgent treatment in order to minimize damage to the brain and cause other complications.
The good news is that effective treatments can help prevent disability from stroke.
WHAT CAUSES STROKE?
The following may lead to stroke:
- Leakage in or bursting of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke).
- Blocked artery (ischemic stroke).
- A temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain (transient ischemic attack, or TIA). Damage cause may be temporary.
- Anger or emotional outburst has also been discovered to increase the risk of having a stroke by 30% within an hour.
- Smoking, drinking alcohol and underlying medical conditions.
PREVENTION OF STROKE
It’s interesting to know that there are things that you could do to prevent stroke.
To ensure that stroke does not happen or recur, the best ways are to:
- Eat a healthy diet
- Engage in regular exercise
- Eject smoking
- Eliminate alcohol
- Examine for and treat other related conditions
These lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of problems like: arteries becoming clogged with fatty substances, leading to high blood pressure which fuels stroke.
- Firstly, eat Healthy Diet
An unhealthy diet can increase your chances of having a stroke because it may lead to an increase in your blood-pressure and cholesterol levels.
A low-fat, high-fibre diet is usually the best, ensure that there are plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables added to your wholegrain diet.
Balanced diet is important. Do not eat too much of any single food, and particularly processed foods.
Limit the amount of salt you take a day as too much salt will increase your blood pressure.
(Ref: “Destructive impacts of Negative Laws on Your Health”)
- Secondly Engage in Exercise
When you combine a healthy diet with regular exercise, it gives you a healthy weight.
Regular exercise can lower your cholesterol level and keep your blood pressure at normal level.
Many people do a minimum of 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity weekly. Cycling or fast walking every day is also good for you.
Doing regular exercises is not the best at the early stages of convalescence from stroke, but as recovery progresses, exercise is necessary.
(Find out more about exercising in the book: “Your Lifestyle Determines Your Lifespan”)
- Thirdly, Stop smoking
If you smoke, it is dangerous to health. Smoking considerably increases your risk of having a stroke. What it does is that it narrows your arteries and makes your blood more likely to clot.
You can reduce your risk of having a stroke by stopping smoking.
Not smoking will also improve your general medical condition and reduce your risk of developing other serious conditions, such as lung cancer and heart disease.
- Fourthly, Take Away Alcohol
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to high blood pressure and cause an irregular heartbeat. These two together rises your risk of stroke.
Alcoholic drinks also cause weight gain because they are high in calories. Dense drinking multiplies the risk of stroke by more than 3 times.
If you have not fully recovered from your stroke, you may find you have become particularly sensitive to alcohol and even the recommended safe limits may be too much for you.
- Properly Manage Any Underlying conditions
If you have any conditions that can increase the risks of having a stroke, it is important to take good care of them by regularly taking prescribed medications or positive lifestyle changes.
We recommend that treatment of stroke starts as soon as you begin to observe its symptoms. Act FAST (acronym for Face, Arm, Speech and Time – observable symptoms).
Face: if one side of the face drops
Arm: Does one of the arm drift downwards when both are raised ?
Speech: When the words spoken sound strange or inconsistent with regular pattern of speaking.
Time: This is of essence. Call or visit your physician urgently.
So you may be asking, what if I or a loved one have these symptoms?
Importantly, for quick intervention and relief from stroke attack, visit Effective Physiotherapy and Fitness Clinic , No 2 D Close Ajumgobia, Kado Estate, Abuja, You can call or book an appointment with us today Call: 0803 436 5055 or 090 860 4470